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Materials

Modern materials and new technologies which are used to produce SINGING ROCK products.

ABSAcrylonitrile butadiene styrene is a common thermoplastic polymer. The most important mechanical properties of ABS are impact resistance and toughness. ABS is stronger than pure polystyrene.
AcrylLightweight, soft, and warm, with a wool-like feel fabrics or yarn. Strong and warm, acrylic fiber is often used for sweaters and tracksuits and as linings for boots and gloves, as well as in furnishing fabrics and carpets. It is manufactured as a filament, then cut into short staple lengths similar to wool hairs, and spun into yarn.
AnodizingElectrolytic passivation process used to increase the thickness of the natural oxide layer on the surface of metal parts. Anodizing increases resistance to corrosion and wear, and provides better adhesion for paint primers and glues than bare metal does.
BambooCloth, yarn, and clothing made out of bamboo fibres. Bamboo fabric is exceptionally soft and light. It is also incredibly hydrophilic, absorbing more water than other conventional fibres such as cotton and polyester.
Cold forgingDeformation of metal while it is below its recrystallization point. This process is usually less expensive than hot forging and the end product requires little, if any, finishing work. Residual stress of material may occur as it handles high stress and high die loads.
CorduraBrand name for a collection of fabrics used in a wide array of products including luggage, backpacks, trousers, military wear and performance apparel. Cordura fabrics are known for their durability and resistance to abrasions, tears and scuffs. Cordura fabrics are usually made of nylon.
CortexPolyamide ealstic woven fabrics. Cortex fabrics are designed to ensure the maximum ergonomy and comfort.
DyneemaRegistered trademark for a synthetic fabric that is stronger than Kevlar®. Dyneema® is composed of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene. It is resistant to water, most chemicals, UV radiation and bacterial.
ED coatingElectrophoretic deposition coating. A characteristic feature of this process is that colloidal particles suspended in a liquid medium migrate under the influence of an electric field (electrophoresis) and are deposited onto an electrode.
Elastane / Spandex

Synthetic polyether-polyurea copolymer known for its exceptional elasticity. It is stronger and more durable than natural rubber.

EPSExpanded polystyrene is a rigid and tough, closed-cell foam. It is made of pre-expanded polystyrene beads. Due to its technical properties such as low weight, rigidity, and formability, EPS can be used in a wide range of different applications.
Ethylene-vinylCopolymer of ethylene and vinyl acetate.The material has good clarity and gloss, low-temperature toughness, stresscrack resistance, hot-melt adhesive waterproof properties, and resistance to UV radiation.
Fiber glass

Type of fiber-reinforced plastic where the reinforcement fiber is specifically glass fiber. The glass fiber may be randomly arranged, flattened into a sheet (called a chopped strand mat), or woven into a fabric.  Fiberglass is unique in its strength and yet it is lightweight. Although it is not as strong and stiff as composites based on carbon fiber, it is less brittle, and its raw materials are much cheaper.

Fleece

Soft napped insulating fabric made from a type of polyester called polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or other synthetic fibers. A lightweight, warm, soft and hydrofobic fabric. Regular polar fleece is not wind-proof and does not absorb moisture. It is readily generates static electricity.

G10 fiberHigh-pressure fiberglass laminate, a kind of composite material. It is created by stacking multiple layers of glass cloth, soaking in epoxy resin, and compressing the resulting material under heat until the epoxy cures. G10 is favoured for its high strength, low moisture absorption, excellent electrical insulating properties and chemical resistance.
Hardened steelMedium or high carbon steel that has been given heat treatment and then quenching followed by tempering.
HF weldingJoining of materials by supplying High Frequency energy in the form of an electromagnetic field (27.12 MHz) and pressure to the material surfaces to be joined.
Hot forgingDeformation of metal while it is above the recrystallization point. Hot forging is recommended for the deformation of metal that features a high formability ratio. Hot forging provides a homorgenized grain structure.
Chromoly steelLow alloy steel that gets its name from a combination of the words “chromium” and “molybdenum”. Chromoly steel is often used when more strength is required than that of mild carbon steel, though it often comes at an increase in cost.
Injection

Manufacturing process for producing parts by injecting material into a mould. Material for the part is fed into a heated barrel, mixed, and forced into a mould cavity, where it cools and hardens to the configu-ration of the cavity.

Kernmantle rope

Rope constructed with its interior core protected by a woven exterior sheath designed to optimize strength, durability, and flexibility. The core fibers provide the tensile strength of the rope, while the sheath protects the core from abrasion during use.

KevlarKevlar is the registered trademark for a para-aramid synthetic fiber.  Kevlar has many applications, ranging from bicycle tires and racing sails to body armor, because of its high tensile strength-to-weight ratio; by this measure it is 5 times stronger than steel. It is designed to protect users from cuts, abrasions and heat. Kevlar-based protective gear is often considerably lighter and thinner than equivalent gear made of more traditional materials.
NylonGeneric designation for a family of synthetic polymers, based on aliphatic or semi-aromatic polyamides. Nylon is a thermoplastic silky material that can be melt-processed into fibers, films or shapes. Nylon is very much suitable for hosiery and the knitted fabrics because of its smoothness, light weight and high strength.
PlastexMaterial made of polyester with PVC cover.
Polyamide (PA, PAD)Macromolecule with repeating units linked by amide bonds. Synthetic polyamides are commonly used in textiles, automotive applications, carpets and sportswear due to their high durability and strength. Fibres are very tear-proof and abrasion-resistant and absorb little moisture (thus good transport of moisture away from the body) and are stretchy, crease-free, but also prone to pilling. Polyamide has the highest resistance of all textile raw materials (also when wet) and is very stretchy.
PolycarbonateGroup of thermoplastic polymers containing carbonate groups in their chemical structures. Polycarbonates used in engineering are strong, tough materials, and some grades are optically transparent.
Polyester (PES)Category of polymers that contain the ester functional group in their main chain. Fabrics woven or knitted from polyester thread or yarn are used extensively in apparel and home furnishings. Industrial polyes-ter fibers, yarns and ropes are used in car tire reinforcements, fabrics for conveyor belts, safety belts, coated fabrics and plastic reinforcements with high-energy absorption. Polyester has excellent return conduct thanks to the rippling property and is very light. Polyester also retains its shape and is colourfast, as well as resistant to sweat and UV-rays (lightfast). Polyester has a high melting point and transfers can therefore be printed on this material).
Polyethylene (PE)Most common plastic, which is usually a mixture of similar polymers of ethylene. Polyethylene is of low strength, hardness and rigidity, but has a high ductility and impact strength as well as low friction. It shows strong creep under persistent force, which can be reduced by addition of short fibers. Its primary use is in packaging (plastic bags, plastic films, geomembranes, containers including bottles, etc.).
POLYMARRegistered trademark for a polyester coated with polyurethane tarpaulin fabric. It is UV and weatherproof resistant.
Polypropylene (PP)Thermoplastic polymer used in a wide variety of applications including packaging and labeling, textiles (e.g., ropes, thermal underwear and carpets), stationery, plastic parts and reusable containers of various types, laboratory equipment, loudspeakers, automotive components and polymer banknotes. An addition polymer made from the monomer propylene, it is rugged and unusually resistant to many chemical solvents, bases and acids. Polypropylene is the world's second-most widely produced synthetic plastic, after polyethylene.
PolystyreneSynthetic aromatic polymer made from the monomer styrene. Polystyrene can be solid or foamed. General-purpose polystyrene is clear, hard, and rather brittle. Polystyrene is one of the most widely used plastics.  Uses include protective packaging (such as packing peanuts and CD and DVD cases), containers (such as "clamshells"), lids, bottles, trays, tumblers, and disposable cutlery.
Polyurethane (PU)Polymer composed of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links. While most polyurethanes are thermosetting polymers that do not melt when heated, thermoplastic polyurethanes are also available.
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)World's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene. PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid and flexible. The rigid form of PVC is used in construction for pipe and in profile applications such as doors and windows. It is also used for bottles, other non-food packaging, and cards (such as bank or membership cards). In flexible form, it is used in plumbing, electrical cable insulation, imitation leather, signage, phonograph records, inflatable products, and many applications where it replaces rubber.
RipstopWoven fabrics, using a special reinforcing technique that makes them resistant to tearing and ripping. During weaving, (thick) reinforcement threads are interwoven at regular intervals in a crosshatch pattern. Advantages of ripstop are the favourable strength-to-weight ratio and that small tears can not easily spread.
Stainless SteelSteel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass. Stainless steel is notable for its corrosion resistance. Stainless steel does not readily corrode, rust or stain with water as ordinary steel does. However, it is not fully stain-proof in low-oxygen, high-salinity, or poor air-circulation environments.
TeflonRegistered trademark for a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. It is famous for its hydrophobic and abrasive protection properties.
TechnoraRegistered trademark for an aramid that is useful for a variety of applications that require high strength or chemical resistance. It is closely related to Kevlar (see Kevlar).
ThermoliteSynthetic material made by Invista and used as an insulator. The performance fibers are engineered with a differentiated fiber shape, able to produce battings with sought-after lightweight warmth.
ThermotransferDigital printing process in which material is applied to paper (or some other material) by melting a coating of ribbon so that it stays glued to the material on which the print is applied.
Ultrasonic finishingSound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing is joining the load-bearing core and the protective sheath into a compact unit. It is used to finish kernmantle ropes ends.
VelcroRegistered trademark for a hook-and-loop fastener, which consists of two components: typically, two lineal fabric strips (or, alternatively, round "dots" or squares) which are attached (sewn or otherwise adhered) to the opposing surfaces to be fastened.
Zinc platingPrevents oxidation of the protected metal by forming a barrier and by acting as a sacrificial anode if this barrier is damaged.